LUDWIG (Cohn), EMIL (1881–1948), German biographer and author. The son of hermann cohn , a famous ophthalmologist, Ludwig was born in Breslau. After 1907 he spent most of his life in Switzerland. He began his literary career as a playwright and novelist, but became internationally popular through his colorful biographies, which were translated into many languages. His vast output included Goethe (3 vols., 1920), Napoleon (1925), Bismarck (1921), Wilhelm II (1926), Lincoln (1930), Michelangelo (1930), Hindenburg (1935), Cleopatra (1937), Roosevelt (1938), Simon Bolivar (1939), and Stalin (1945). He also wrote shorter essays on Rembrandt, Beethoven, and Balzac, and character studies of three eminent German Jews, sigmund freud , ferdinand lassalle , and walther rathenau . Like Lytton Strachey in England, Stefan Zweig in Germany, and André Maurois in France, Ludwig regarded a biography as a work of art. He did not pretend to compete with the scholars on whose research he based his presentation of historical figures and his personal views often cast doubt on the objective truth of his writing. Nevertheless, he always showed keen insight into the personalities of his subjects and into the historical and social conditions in which they lived, and his work was distinguished by a dynamic literary style. Among Ludwig's other books were one on Jesus, Der Menschensohn (1928), Drei Diktatoren (1939), and a study of the abdication of King Edward VIII (1939). He also wrote some geographical books, including Der Nil (1935, The Nile, 1936), and Am Mittelmeer (1923, On Mediterranean Shores, 1929). Ludwig was baptized in 1902, but 20 years later, after the assassination of Walter Rathenau, he publicly renounced Christianity. During his American exile he became one of the most decided enemies of the Third Reich, publishing several critical works, such as How to Treat the Germans (1943) and The Moral Conquest of Germany (1945). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: N. Hansen, Der Fall Emil Ludwig (1930). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Gradmann, Historische Belletristik. Populäre historische Biographienin der Weimarer Republik (1993); H.J. Perrey, "Der Fall Emil Ludwig. Ein Bericht über eine historiographische Kontroverse der ausgehenden Weimarer Republik," in: Geschichte in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, 43 (1992), 169–81; S. Ullrich, "Im Dienste der Weimarer Republik. Emil Ludwig als Historiker und Publizist," in: Zeitschrift fuer Geschichtswissenschaft, 49 (2001), 119–40. (Sol Liptzin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Cohn, Emil — vero nome di Ludwig, Emil …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Ludwig, Emil (Cohn, Emil) — (1881 1948)    German author. Born in Breslau, he was baptized as a Catholic. Later he renounced Christianity. In 1907 he left Germany and subsequently became a Swiss citizen, living in Ascona. He wrote plays, poems and biographies …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Emil Ludwig — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emil Ludwig …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cohn — ist ein jüdischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name geht auf die Bezeichnung einer Gruppierung mit priesterlichen Funktionen im Judentum zurück, siehe Kohanim; zu Varianten, siehe Cohen. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emil Ludwig — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Emil Ludwig (homonymie). Emil Ludwig. Emil Ludwig de son vrai nom Emil Cohn, ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ludwig, Emil — pseud. di Cohn, Emil …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Emil Ludwig — Emil Ludwig, (* 25. Januar 1881 in Breslau; † 17. September 1948 in Ascona) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller und Schweizer Schriftsteller jüdischer Abstammung, d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emil Cohn — ist der Name folgender Personen: Emil Cohn (Verleger) (1832–1905), deutscher Verleger Emil Cohn (Physiker) (1854–1944), deutscher Physiker Emil Cohn, Geburtsname von Emil Ludwig (1881–1948), deutscher Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emil Ludwig — (1881 ndash; 1948) was a German author, known for his biographies.Emil Ludwig (originally named Emil Cohn) was born in Breslau, now part of Poland. Ludwig studied law but chose writing as a career. At first he wrote plays and novella, but also… …   Wikipedia

  • Emil Ludwig (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Emil Ludwig, de son vrai nom Emil Cohn, écrivain allemand Emil Ludwig, entraîneur de football, notamment au FC Aarau Ce document provient de « Emil Ludwig …   Wikipédia en Français

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